The boa constrictor is a big non-venomous snake native to Central and South America. The common name refers to a profound red/brown coloration on the saddles on the tail and anterior portion of the back.
Female boa constrictors, just like the majority of snakes, are inclined to be bigger and more muscular than the males.
Home: Since the adult boa is quite large, you need to provide a large enclosure. Always bear in mind that a boa is a really strong snake and that it may either break the enclosure, even if it is not properly designed for snakes, or escape it easily if openings are not secured. A single adult specimen will call for a floor area of 72″ by 36″ by 36″. As a largely terrestrial snake, height of the enclosure is not so significant, although sturdy branches should be provided to make use of what height you have, since some specimens will climb, especially when young.
Substrate: One of the biggest secrets related to red tailed snakes is that the substrate. The most common one is that the paper towels or newspaper, as they are easily replaceable and hygienic. You’ll also be able to monitor the conditions in the cage this way; once your pet is established and you do not need to make any more changes, then you can purchase one of the commercial substrates, which are especially made for snake tanks. These are usually made of cypress and fir bark. There are some elements which needs to be avoided, such as pine and cedar, because they can harbour parasites, and have toxins present that in an enclosed space can be toxic to your snake’s health. In any case you should use something which is both easy to clean and secure.
Hides can be offered in the kind of artificial plastic caves, upturned bowls, or even cardboard boxes. Using stones is also a fantastic idea, as long as they do not have any sharp edges and are securely fastened so they cannot be dislodged and fall onto your boa.
Heat and Light: While no special lighting is required, a suitable temperature gradient must be provided. A thermostatically controlled heating source, like a ceramic bulb heater, should be installed to provide a temperature range from approximately 29 – 33 C at the warm end, to 27 – 29 C at the cooler end. A drop of a few degrees at night is also a fantastic idea.
Food and Water: Many boas will readily accept defrosted rodents. A single prey item, no bigger than the snake’s head, should be provided fortnightly for adults, and weekly for neonates. A large bowl of fresh water must always be provided.